BOLOGNA is a UNESCO city. ‘Culture Capital’ in 2000, bologna gained UNESCO recognition as the ‘Creative City of Music’, thank to its rich musical tradition, which continues to evolve, and its commitment to the promotion of music as an instrument for economic, social and cultural development.
FERRARA is a UNESCO city. In 1995 Ferrara and its historical centre were awarded the World Heritage title of a ‘City of the Renaissance’: an admirable example of a city designed during the Renaissance whose historical centre is conserved in tact, as well as meeting standard of planning that have had a profound influence on the development of urbanism in the following centuries. Following the in 1999, it received another recognition for the Po Delta and for the delights of the Este, thanks to the richness of the landscape.
PARMA The splendour of Parma is confirmed in its Baptistery, hailed by UNESCO as among the greatest valued sites for astronomy on a global scale. One of the most important Medieval monuments in Europe, the Baptistery would have all of its papers in order to become a part of the ‘World Heritage Astronomy’ group because, according to certain studies, it would be a sort of large meridian. To promote this new form of protection, UNESCO has recently released a publication of the website ‘Portal to the Heritage of Astronomy’, a journey across the continents to discover evidence of what time and culture have left looking at the sky
RAVENNA Since 1996, the Basilica di San Vitale, the Mausoleo di Galla Placidia, the Baptisteries of degli Ariani and of Ortodossi, the Basilica di Sant’Apollinare Nuovo and in Classe, the Cappella Arcivescovile and the Mausoleo di Teoderico have not been heritages merely of the city of Ravenna, but of the whole world. “The combination of the early Christian and Byzantine monuments of Ravenna is of extraordinary importance because of the supreme artistic mastery of the mosaic art. This is further proof of the relationship and contact between arts and religion in a period very important to European history and culture”. With this motivation it has been enshrined in recognition of early Christian monuments on UNESCO’s World Heritage List.
MODENA has even conquered UNESCO by its grace and beauty. In the course of only a few metres the city offers three strikingly beautiful landmarks: the Piazza Grande, the Duomo and the Ghirlandina. This is why in 1997 UNESCO proclaimed this whole site a ‘World Heritage Site’. Modena is also a gastronomic capital and its stars are traditional balsamic vinegar, lambrusco and typical cured meats. If Modena were to be a colour? Obviously it would be red. Like a Ferrari which, together with Mazeratis attract millions of car enthusiast from all over the world. Including Japan.
MILAN In Lombardy, among the seven sites recognised by UNESCO as being World Heritage sites, we find Milan with the Santa Maria delle Grazie complex and one of the most famous painting in the world: the Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci. Two absolutely world class masterpieces. The complex was included on the World Heritage list in 1980, overseeing a rich culture of values to be transmitted to the world that resolves precisely around the regional capital.
CREMONA The image of Cremona is one forever linked with traditional music and literature: here fundamental canons of melodrama and madrigals were born and developed, with Claudio Monteverdi in the 16th century, in the 19th century lyric poetry found its champion in Amilcare Ponchielli. From the 16th to the 18th centuries, artisanal artistic excellence was affirmed with the Amati, Stradivari and Guarneri families, who brought to reality the production of the most prestigious instruments which have stood the test of time, still today being used as models for violin makers around the world. The tradition of violin maker “know-how”, recently recognised by UNESCO as a World Heritage, is renewed with passion and skill in workshops in Cremona, then projected to international markets.
MANTUA AND SABBIONETA are UNESCO cities. Mantua and Sabbioneta are a testimony to the exceptional urban, architectural and artistic achievements of the Renaissance, linked to which are the ideas and ambitions of the reigning family, the Gonzaga family. Traces of Mantua date back to Roman times but the city was restored in the 15th and 16th centuries with urban, structural and engineering works. The contributors of famous architects such as Leon Battista Alberti and Giulio Romano and the painter Andrea Mantegna, ensured that Mantua was a prominent capital of the Renaissance. Sabbioneta’s defensive walls, its grid patterned streets and the role of public spaces and monuments make it one of the best examples of ideal cities built in Europe, with its ability to exercise significant influence on urban planning and architecture inside and outside the old continent. Mantua and Sabbioneta have played a prominent role in the spread of Renaissance culture and are outstanding examples of a particular civilisation that has been reflected in urban planning, architecture and fine arts in Europe and beyond.
THE PO DELTA was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site for its historical and natural interests which, however, pose specific problems related to its conservation. The Po Delta boasts areas dedicated to fishing, fish farming and aquaculture, agriculture, hunting, and is a major site of energy production (the thermal power station Polesine Camerini). In addition to a remarkable fruit and vegetable production, the main crops are cereals, especially maize and rice. Even the Palladian Villas, which characterize the Veneto region and the province of Rovigo, built in the mid-sixteenth century by the architect Andrea Palladio for the most important families of the area, were added between 1994 and 1996 to the list of World Heritage ‘Unesco.
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